What’s access control card reader and how it works?

According to the experts, access control card reader system is used to read credentials in physical security systems to provide access via access control points, which typically are locked doors. There are different types of access control readers in the market to suit every requirement. They are rather classified by its functions and ability to perform and through identification technology.

Access control card reader system types and their functions

1, Biometric access control readers

Access control employees biometric identifications of different types, like hand geometry, fingerprint, voice recognition, facial recognition, and iris. It is known to increase significantly system security level while eliminating issues like loaned, stolen or lost ID cards including forgotten pins. Each and every biometric reader mentioned above is said to work similarly. It is done by comparing the memory stored template to the obtained scan during the identification process. In case, higher probably degree is experienced that memory template is found compatible with a live scan, then the person’s ID number is sent to the control panel. The latter checks for user permission level to determine if access is to be allowed or not. Communication between the control panel and the reader takes place using the Wiegand interface.

2, Barcode access control reader

It is an alternating series of light and dark stripes read by an optical scanner. The line width and organization gets determined by the protocol selected bar code. Different protocols are present like the prevalent Code 39. The digits at times are represented by light and dark bars and printed to allow the print to go through the number without using an optical reader. This type is affordable and can easily and effortlessly generate credentials and applied to other items and cards. But this simplicity and affordability also make it susceptible to frauds, as there can be created fake barcodes easily. Using carbon-based ink to print barcode and covering it with dark red overlay can help to reduce fraud. An optical reader turned towards infrared spectrum can be used to read the barcode.

3, Wiegand RFID card reader

This patented technology is known to use embedded ferromagnetic wires which are positioned strategically, so as to develop a unique pattern to create ID number. To get read, it needs to be swiped. However, identification media, unlike as in other technologies have been embedded within the card and is not susceptible to tear and wear. Being difficult to duplicate and creating a high-security perception, it once had gained immense popularity but has lost popularity recently to proximity cards.

4, Access control Proximity card reader

They are still known as ‘Wiegand output readers’. However, they do not make use of the Wiegand effect any longer. This technology is said to retain Wiegand upstream data to ensure that the old systems are still compatible with the new readers. 1” – 20” electrical field is radiated by the reader around itself. Si8mple LC circuit is used by the cards. As the reader is presented with the card, its electrical field creates an excitement in the coil of the card. Then a capacitor is charged by the coil, which in turn powers up the integrated circuit. The card number is given to the coil by the integrated circuit output, thereby transmitting the same to the reader. 26 bit Wiegand is the common proximity format, which uses facility code, often termed as site code. This unique number is considered to be common for all cards belonging to a specific set.

5, Access control magnetic stripe swipe card reader

: This technology is commonly known as mag-stripe. It has derived its name because of the magnetic oxide tap stripe which is laminated upon the card. The magnetic stripe has been given three data tracks. The data, typically on each track tends to follow particular encoding standards. However, on any track, the encoding of any format is very much possible. When compared to other card technology, this type is quite easy to be programmed and also affordable. When compared to barcode technology, it can hold much more data. Although the generation of mag-stripe is difficult, technology to encode and read data is easier to be acquired and widespread. However, it is also suspected of data corruption, card wear and misreads and skimming.

6, Smart card access control card reader

The contactless and contact are the two smart card types present, with both having memory and an embedded microprocessor. The microchip used has only a single function which is to provide a reader with the ID number of the card. The embedded operating system is present on its processor to manage multiple applications like access control card readers, pre-paid membership card and cash card. The difference that exists between these two card types is the manner how microprocessor communicates with the external world. Contact card has 8 contact points that is to touch physically the reader contacts to convey information. The contactless card uses radio-based technology using a higher frequency of 13.56 MHz to allow more data transfer and communicating with different cards simultaneously.

Therefore, the above are the different types of access control card readers available in the market and their functions.

How to choose Right Door Lock for Door Access Control Systems?

Technology has been introducing a revolution into every aspect of businesses, including the security and safety of facilities. However, some amount of serious planning is required for setting up the most effectual access control system. Otherwise, you are likely to end up with an access control system door system with functionality issues or security flaws.

How to choose the right door lock for your door control systems?

1, Look at the type of authentication

Most of the door access control systems are actually combinations of locking hardware, touch pads, keypads, card readers and access cards. But these components vary a little, based on the authentication type that you select. When compared to authentication based on pin codes or passwords, Card reader authentication is regarded as a stronger option given that it is tough to make counterfeits of cards. This is the reason why card readers and key cards are generally used by financial institutions to allow selective access to people.

On the other hand, just pin code systems or passwords are used in most storage facilities, given that a higher level of security is not needed. Also, you are not allowed to have your storage unit security upgraded at anytime you like. Biometrics is the strongest and best authentication system. But it is very costly and is only used in applications with high risks to security. You may pick one of these authentication processes or a mix of the two, based on why your system is being used.

2, Consider the type of locking device you want

You may use various types of locks on access controlled doors. But electromagnetic door lock or maglocks happen to be the most famous locks, given that they are inexpensive. These may also be easily installed with L or ZL bracket on the majority of wooden or aluminum doors, given that all of them are surface mounted.

In order to keep the lock closed, you always require an uninterrupted supply of power. If there is a power failure, the lock will open automatically – given that these are also referred to as “fail-safe” locks. Such locks are generally needed by life-safety and fire safety codes so that in case of emergencies people can easily walk out of buildings.

An electric lock is referred to as a “fail-secure” lock given that it remains closed and maybe only manually opened with the help of a key during a power failure. You should check with the local authorities and find out about safety codes, requirements, and compliances.

3, Decide whether you want a wired or wireless system

Door access control systems, similar to most technologies, can be availed in two types – wired and wireless. But there is a debate among customers, vendors, and experts about the type of system that is a better choice. Your choice will ultimately mainly depend on the scope and size of the facility that you have.

Most of the wired systems for door access control let you connect multiple buildings, floors, and zones to a power source that is centralized. Due to this reason, you may get access to a large area by clicking on just one switch from your control room. Other than this, unlike the majority of wireless door access systems, there is no need for you to worry about issues with compatibility. However, the cost remains among the greatest hurdles when it comes to setting up wired systems, given that the initial installation is quite costly.

Wireless systems, in comparison, are unable to cover large areas. These happen to be comparatively lower in cost. Thus, these types of systems are perfect for standalone storage areas, stores, and small offices. You may also save enough money on network installation and renovation. However, the costs of maintenance are relatively more given that continuous security updates might be needed by the system software. You might also require replacing a few components due to issues related to compatibility. The system, most importantly, is prone to cyber attacks.

4, Consider how much you can spend

Prior to the installation of a door access system, you should consider the cost factor. It is possible to get a standard lockset for less than $200. The price of an access control system, on the other hand, can vary between a few hundred dollars to a few thousand dollars, based on the features and the size. But there are also many more advantages than a lockset. Thus, you need to ensure that the benefits are worth the expense that you are making.

For instance, if you have a basic restaurant or eatery with a back and front entrance, the use of an electric lock for gate would be an over-expense for this type of small setup. Analyze the necessary advantages for your business and determine whether the investment will be worthwhile for you when it comes to maintenance, software, and electricity costs.

What Kind of Door Lock You Will Need for Different Doors?

Gone are those days when you could leave your home keeping the front door open or forgetting to lock it, and yet come back and find your personal belongings and valuables intact. When it comes to choosing door locks for your home or business building access control system, security happens to be the biggest priority. Electronic door locks were once accessible to only the rich and the wealthy, but are now accessible for the common public as well. For just a few hundred dollars, you can get a brand new electronic door lock – such as electromagnetic locks for doors – for your front door. Find out about the kind of door lock that you will need for various doors.

What Kind of Access Control Door Lock You Will Need?

Keypad locks

With this kind of electronic door lock, you do not need a key. You only need to punch a code into its keypad. The system has plenty of benefits, such as there is no need to look around for your house key when your hands are occupied. The door gets unlocked after you punch the code in. This is useful in case there are visitors you do not like to give your key to, give that you only need to enter a short-term code into the program to be used when they visit your home. However, there is a disadvantage in the sense that you cannot open your door remotely. You need to punch the code into the keypad in order to get access.

Keyless entry systems

Key Fob Lock is another name for this kind of electronic door lock. It functions similar to keyless entry into a car. You will get a fob lock on the key ring having a button that tends to lock and unlock your home door. You are simply expected to be within just a few feet for activating the door lock, and there is no need for touching a keypad for getting access. For adults, this kind of electronic door lock might be a great solution. However, it could be an issue for kids – particularly those who often keep losing personal objects and possessions. But the biggest con of this kind of lock is that the system is unsupported by security smart home system computers or the internet.

Cylindrical Lock

These come with a wiring that runs through door cores as well as the frame back to the access control and power supply. A few of these locks are standalone and have in-built keypads or credential readers. Such types of locks are associated with an access control system. These tend to operate on replaceable battery packs.

Mortise locks

You can get them in two options – FSE fail secure (electrically unlocked) or FSA fail safe (electrically locked). The type of option that you choose will be determined by the location and the opening. Like Cylindrical locks, these draw power from replaceable battery packs. A door position switch and latch-bolt monitoring (electric deadbolt lock) are the two other alternatives.

Remote access locks

These are the safest and most secure types of electronic door locks. The locks function with smart home security systems. You can have these lock systems monitored with your smartphone, tablet or computer. In case you have kids who leave for their schools after you leave for work, you can ensure that the doors have been locked after they leave. You will simply need to log into the system and check whether the door was left without being locked. In case it is unlocked, you may use your smartphone to lock it.

If you have someone else or a family member coming soon for a visit, and you are unlikely to be there to unlock your door for them, you can use your PC or smartphone to unlock it and let them access inside your house. With such an electronic door lock system, it is possible to easily to the security aspect of your home. You can conveniently use the remote access lock. You may easily change the entry codes for your lock from any device that is paired to the internet.

Magnetic Locks

These are also referred to as Maglock and can be easily mounted at the frame and door head with the help of a metal piece that attaches the magnet to the frame. Magnetic lock for doors happen to be energized electrically to securely hold the door immediately. Such locks can keep doors closely shut with many pounds of holding strength. Most of these are fail-safe and keep on being locked when one exerts power on them. However, these locks can be unsecured and unlocked if there is a power outage or disruption. It can be risky for any home or office owner in case the magnetic lock happens to be the sole unit that holds the door securely shut and closed. You can even connect these to an access control system for regulating the functionality.

What is Door Access Controller Board and How to Choose the Right One?

The threats of arson, theft, robbery, burglary, terrorism etc have made it compulsory for establishments to have Access control systems, which ensure a more secure form of access authorization and promise better security. These are designed to be regulated via a network and need to have network access. This type of system recognizes individuals, authenticates them and authorizes their entry into premises by offering them extremely secure access into an establishment – whether an organization, a research facility or even a residential building. Know what a door access controller is and how you should select the most appropriate one for your needs.

1, What is a Door Access Controller?

This is a system that offers flexible control over which individuals are authorized to enter into premises. The door access control panel in these may be powered by a biometric system, an RFID system or a swipe card. It happens to be the most common system for authorization and is ideal for the purpose of security.

There are various organizations or areas that need higher security and make use of various kinds of access controller systems, such as:

  • Research centers
  • Offices
  • Government buildings
  • Private residences
  • Restricted areas

In such areas, every access point for each single door access controller might be individually controlled according to the needs of an organization or company that need a higher level of security. It is also essential to have more network security, particularly in companies that deal with sensitive information.

2, Main Types of Access Control system

Access control systems can work in various ways, such as electronic or manual or magnetic means. Card access control systems let people access premises with the help of cards that have to be swiped. Physical access control systems, in a few cases, are attached with electronic systems and limit the entry of users by letting them use the resources that are restricted on a PC system.

Biometric Access Control Systems

This is a time attendance control system that allows access by matching retinal scans or fingerprints. It records and tracks the data of employees and visitors through an Access Software. It is used widely in places that are confidential, as it is very secure and can be installed conveniently.

Proximity Card Access Control Systems

It allows a more confidential type of access control. It is used widely in banks, factories, offices etc, and ensures a very safe ambiance. You can generally find these with around 50 different types of timezone settings. There are as many as five open door groups.

FingerPrint Access Control Systems

Rather than a card, these make use of the fingerprint of users. Users can get entry permission as well as information about their entry. It is possible to integrate the Attendance Software with any type of payroll software currently present. It offers an automatic record of data that is created by an Attendance System, which saves energy and time in data recording. These systems boost profitability and productivity for all types of organizations.

3, What are the Primary Benefits of Door Access Controllers?

Offers high security

Access control systems located in buildings can be joined or standardized on the basis of the organizational size and the different security levels. This makes them appropriate for offices, homes and various other access control applications. Typically, these are set in a central location.

It is possible for an administrator to grant door access to visitors, with the settings within the administration program allowing the same. It has a key that can open up any door located within a building. These update info in the system, and offer a unique identity to every user.

High-performance

These tend to offer a very superior performance. You can generally find these in compact forms, and in lower cost. The standalone controllers can be installed and used with ease. The smart controllers can be installed with any type of electromagnetic lock with the basic instructions that are offered. Systems with higher performance control panels are used widely in data centers, defense facilities, airports, homes, server rooms, offices etc.

Reduces time and cost

Users can be authenticated perfectly and quickly, which can help reduce any wastage of time and improve productivity. This is the fairest system of authentication and the entry times of staffs can be tracked down to the last second, making them feel the need to turn up on time. This helps reduce administrative cost.

Excellent features

Many of the intelligent network access controller units come with excellent features, such as Storage Capacity for more than 50,000 Punches, Connectivity through Modem or TCP/IP, Switch Mode Power Supply (SMPS), Programmable IN/OUT Setting, ability to store thousands of employee databases and more.

4, How to Choose the Right Door Access Controller?

While trying to make a choice, you need to consider various factors.

Check the type

Access control systems located in buildings can be joined or standardized on the basis of the organizational size and the different security levels. This makes them appropriate for offices, homes and various other access control applications. Typically, these are set in a central location.

It is possible for an administrator to grant door access to visitors, with the settings within the administration program allowing the same. It has a key that can open up any door located within a building. These update info in the system, and offer a unique identity to every user.

There are 3 main types of access controllers. You have to take a decision on which one to use. The Biometric Access Control System is a time attendance control system that allows access by matching retinal scans or fingerprints. The Proximity Access Control System allows a more confidential type of access control. It is used widely in banks, factories, offices etc, and ensures a very safe ambiance. The Finger Print Access Control System, rather than a card, makes use of the fingerprint of users. These systems boost profitability and productivity for all types of organizations.

Consider the expense

Access control systems can work in various ways, such as electronic or manual or magnetic means. Card access control systems let people access premises with the help of cards that have to be swiped. Physical access control systems, in a few cases, are attached with electronic systems and limit the entry of users by letting them use the resources that are restricted on a PC system. If you wish to make use of entry cards, the prices for the cards need to be externally included. Naturally, iris scanning techniques have a higher cost. A full-fledged biometric access system may easily cost you as much as 10,000 USD. As you add more advanced features, the cost naturally rises.

Check the features

Many of the intelligent network access controller units come with excellent features, such as Storage Capacity for more than 50,000 Punches, Connectivity through Modem or TCP/IP, Switch Mode Power Supply (SMPS), Programmable IN/OUT Setting, ability to store thousands of employee databases and more.

Determine the level of security needed

You need to consider how much security you need for your establishment. High-performance units tend to offer a very superior performance. You can generally find these in compact forms, and in lower cost. Units such as Key card systems work on the relationship existing between electronic access control locks and a plastic card. It makes use of lesser components than other types of access control systems. Users can be authenticated perfectly and quickly, which can help reduce any wastage of time and improve productivity. This is the fairest system of authentication and the entry times of staffs can be tracked down to the last second, making them feel the need to turn up on time. This helps reduce administrative cost.

Evaluate the ease of installation

The standalone controllers can be installed and used with ease. The smart controllers can be installed with any type of electromagnetic lock with the basic instructions that are offered. Systems with higher performance control panels are used widely in data centers, defense facilities, airports, homes, server rooms, offices etc. Maintenance-free units tend to come with a minimal number of components and are generally free of maintenance.